The H’mong are the largest ethnic group in Sa Pa, accounting for about 53% of the population. Previously they were very good rice farmers, living along the Yangtze River (China), in a conflict with the Han ethnic group, most of them migrated south and divided into several small groups. The first H’Mong tribe who came to Sapa were concentrated in the Hoang Lien Mountains about 300 years ago.
The H’mong people in Sapa
Living in mountainous areas, lack of fertile land but with experience of rice cultivation from the ancient, H’mong people have made the hill slope, hillside into unique terraced fields, each year can be planted Two rice crops or two corn crops. Sapa tour 3 days 4 nights have the opportunity to Sa Pa in autumn, when rice is ripe will be amazed to see countless terraced fields from low to high, golden winding winding along mountain slope. It is one of the most beautiful landscapes in the Northwest Highlands. About a dozen years ago, the H’Mong people have the habit of burning forests, clearing land for farming and living nomadic. But this habit has ended and the State allocated forests, land allocation for self-management, Sa Pa forest also revived, large fields, rich and green.
The H’Mong people live mainly in Sa Pa, H’Mong Den because their clothes are all black, but their clothes are different from other Black H’Mong people, so they are often called people. H’Mong Sa Pa. Men usually wear the same black or black (indigo) pants, short sleeves outside the sleeveless shirt-like sleeveless waistcoat. A small, round, shallow cap hugging over the top of the head looked like a Pope’s hat, with a black one, with a brocade embroidered around it. Boys’ hats are also sewn into colored ribbons or dangling coins. The woman also wore black, a black scarf on her head, and a vertical roll like a roll of paper over the top of her head. Outside is a sleeveless jacket, with a long flap close to the man’s pillow. This jacket was rolled with beeswax so it was black and silver. To preserve, many people wear white left side of the face. Especially, H’Mong Sa Pa women wear shorts rather than their knees. They wrapped their calves around their calves in a narrow band.
In the traditional festivals of the H’Mong people, the Gao Toc festival is celebrated on January 12. The festival is usually held in large fields or hills with the desire for the gods to give peace, prosperous. There are also archery competitions, cross-country shooting, dancing, martial arts, horse racing.
In Sa Pa, the village of H’mong is the most inhabited, namely Cat Cat – San Sa Ho, Sa Pa town, Sa Pa, Lao Chai, Si Mi, and Ta Giang. Visitors can see their daily routines, enjoy cocktails, chicken soup, corn wine, clam chowder, corn tortillas and unique beans and learn information about the life, culture and spots in Sa Pa